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Heavy construction equipment is the backbone of any construction project. Regular inspections are crucial to ensuring these powerful machines are running safely and efficiently. Here’s a detailed guide describing 22 essential inspection points for heavy construction equipment like SANY excavators in Springfield.


Point #1 – Engine Oil Level

Checking the engine oil level is fundamental to protect your equipment’s engine. Confirm that the oil level is between the minimum and maximum marks on the dipstick. Operating with low oil levels could lead to engine damage, while overfilling might cause excessive oil consumption and operational issues.


Point #2 – Hydraulic Fluid Level – Construction Equipment Dealer in Springfield

Hydraulic fluid is pivotal for your heavy equipment’s performance. This inspection point ensures that the hydraulic systems have adequate fluid to function. Inadequate fluid levels can lead to system failure and costly repairs.


Point #3 – Power Steering Fluid

Power steering fluid facilitates smooth steering control in heavy machinery. Check for the correct fluid level to avoid steering difficulties. Discoloration or a burnt smell in the fluid can indicate a need for replacement or system issues.


Point #4 – Hydraulic Pistons

Inspect hydraulic pistons for leaks, scratches, or damage. Leaks can cause pressure loss and reduce efficiency, while scratches may indicate potential failure points. Regular checks of the pistons help prolong the life of the hydraulic system.


Construction Equipment Dealer in Springfield


Point #5 – Seatbelt Condition – Construction Equipment Dealer in Springfield

A functional seatbelt can save lives in unexpected situations. Ensure the belt fastens securely and retracts correctly. Regular checks for fraying or other damage are imperative to operator safety.


Point #6 – Leaks

Leaks are indicators of potential system failures. Inspect all fluid lines, gaskets, and reservoirs for signs of liquid spills. Catching leaks early can prevent more significant issues and environmental hazards.


Point #7 – Engine Sounds and Vibrations

An engine should run smoothly without excessive noise or vibrations. Strange noises can hint at internal issues, while abnormal vibrations could suggest misalignments or imbalances. An experienced operator can detect these changes, which often require an expert diagnosis.


Point #8 – Instrumentation – Construction Equipment Dealer in Springfield

Functional gauges are essential for monitoring the equipment’s health. Ensure speedometers, temperature gauges, tachometers, and fuel gauges are operational. Malfunctioning gauges can lead to inaccurate readings and the potential for operational errors.


Point #9 – Lights

Clear visibility is vital for safe operation. Check all lights, including brake lights, headlights, and warning lights for functionality. Replace any that are non-operational or show signs of damage immediately.


Point #10 – Tires or Tracks

Tires and tracks should be inspected for wear, cuts, and proper tension. Ensure pneumatic tires are inflated to the manufacturer’s specifications. Damaged tracks or tires can compromise stability and safety.


Point #11 – Steering Wheel – Construction Equipment Dealer in Springfield

The steering wheel should turn smoothly without resistance. Check for any play or odd noises during operation. Difficulty in steering could indicate a problem in the steering assembly or fluid system.


Construction Equipment Dealer in Springfield

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Point #12 – Battery Visual Condition

A visual inspection of the battery can prevent electrical issues. Look for corrosion on terminals and ensure connections are tight and secure. A clean and well-maintained battery is less likely to fail unexpectedly.


Point #13 – Battery Load Test

A load test on the battery can determine its health and ability to hold a charge. Weak batteries may not supply enough power to start the engine or operate electrical components. Replace batteries failing to meet the required load capacity.


Point #14 – Alternator and Charging System – Construction Equipment Dealer in Springfield

The alternator recharges the battery and powers electrical components when the engine is on. Inspect wiring and connections for damage. A malfunctioning alternator can cause a drained battery and electrical failures.


Point #15 – Cooling System

The cooling system prevents engines from overheating. Check the radiator, water pump, and coolant hoses for signs of wear or leaks. Ensuring a functional cooling system is paramount, especially in harsh operating conditions.


Point #16 – Mirrors

Mirrors provide operators with visibility for safe maneuvers. Ensure they are secure, clean, and free from cracks. Properly adjusted mirrors minimize blind spots and prevent accidents.


Point #17 – Horn – Construction Equipment Dealer in Springfield

The horn serves as an essential communication tool on a construction site. It should be loud and clear. Check it regularly to ensure it can alert others effectively in an emergency.


Construction Equipment Dealer in Springfield


Point #18 – Glass

Inspect the glass around the cab for cracks, chips, or significant scratches that could impair vision. Visibility issues can lead to operational errors and potential accidents. Replace or repair damaged glass to maintain a clear view.


Point #19 – Wiper Blades

Wiper blades are crucial for visibility in adverse weather conditions. Check for tears or deterioration and test their functionality. Replace blades that leave streaks or do not make proper contact with the glass.


Point #20 – Safety Alarms – Construction Equipment Dealer in Springfield

Safety alarms alert the operator and those around the equipment of potential danger. Regularly test backup alarms, motion sensors, and other safety warning systems. Non-functional alarms compromise the safety of everyone on the job site.


Point #21 – Fuel Level

Starting a day with a full tank can avert interruptions in operations. Monitor fuel levels frequently to plan for refueling and avoid running dry during critical tasks. Also, inspect the fuel system for leaks or damage.


Point #22 – Maintenance Schedule

Adhering to a regular maintenance schedule can significantly extend the life of heavy equipment. Keep up with the manufacturer’s recommended service intervals. Document all maintenance actions for future reference and compliance with regulations.



Regular inspections using this guide as a checklist can significantly mitigate the risk of equipment failure, increase operational efficiency, and ensure the safety of your construction site. Remember, proactive maintenance is vital in managing the longevity and performance of heavy construction machinery.


Construction Equipment Dealer in Springfield

State Tractor Equipment Company – SANY Mini Excavators in Springfield


At State Tractor Equipment, we are a SANY dealer in Springfield and Kansas City. We sell new and used machinery from SANY and GEHL. Contact us if you need hydraulic service, SANY excavators in Springfield, or SANY motor graders in Springfield.

If you are still deciding whether to buy, we also offer short and long-term rentals of excavators, single drum rollers, motor graders, telehandlers, wheel loaders, and mini excavators.

Visit us at STE if you need a SANY equipment dealer in Springfield or want to see our inventory in person. You can test drive a machine, meet our team, and discuss rental and purchase options. We are here to help you find the equipment you need at a price you can afford.

State Tractor and Equipment Company Inc.

5831 State Ave

Kansas City, KS 66102